Proposition 19’s provisions became operative on February 16, 2021 (for intergenerational transfer exclusions) and April 1, 2021 (for base year value transfers). Effective September 30, 2021, Senate Bill 539 (Stats. 2021, ch. 427) added sections 63.2 and 69.6 to the Revenue and Taxation Code to implement the provisions of Proposition 19. As more information becomes available and more questions arise, these FAQs will be updated with additional questions and answers. Please check back often for updates. (BOE)
Sources for Answers
BOE – Board of Equalization Website
BOEL – Letters from the Board of Equalization
AG – Annotation Guidance (followed by Annotation Number)Annotations are intended to provide guidance regarding the interpretation of statutes and Board rules as applied to specific factual situations.
Q: What is the effective date of Proposition 19?
A: Proposition 19 became effective on December 16, 2020. However, the changes to the parent-child and grandparent-grandchild exclusion became operative on February 16, 2021, and the base year value transfer provisions became operative on April 1, 2021. (BOE)
Q: Is Proposition 19 retroactive and would it cause property transfers that have already received the benefit of Proposition 58 (Parent-Child Exclusion) to be reassessed?
A: Proposition 19 is not retroactive and transfers that have already occurred under the benefit of Proposition 58 will not be subject to reassessment. Under the provisions of Proposition 19, Proposition 58 applies to transfers that occur on or before February 15, 2021, and Proposition 19 applies to transfers that occur on or after February 16, 2021. However, because February 15, 2021 is a state holiday and statutes extend for one day the deadline to perform any act that is due on a state holiday, transfers evidenced by a recorded deed and transfers by an unrecorded deed may be accomplished by February 16, 2021 and still be eligible for the Proposition 58 exclusion. However, since the change in ownership of inherited property does not involve an act that is required to be performed or the filing of any instrument (i.e., by law, the transfer is deemed to have occurred on the date of the decedent’s death), property must be inherited by February 15, 2021 for subdivision (h) of Section 2.1 to apply. (BOE)
Q: If a family home is gifted to two children, do both children have to reside in the family home as their primary residence in order to receive the parent-child exclusion under Proposition 19?
A: Both children do not need to reside in the residence in order to be eligible to receive the parent-child transfer exclusion under the provisions of Proposition 19. As long as at least one of the children who were gifted the family home resides in the residence and applies for either the homeowners’ or disabled veterans’ exemption within one year of the transfer, and all other requirements have been met, then the parent-child (intergenerational) transfer exclusion should be allowed. (BOE)
Q: Under Proposition 19, if I inherit my parent’s family home and move into it, establishing it as my principal residence, must I live continually in the home to receive the parent-child exclusion? What happens if I move somewhere else?
A: At least one eligible transferee must continually live in the property as their family home for the property to maintain the exclusion. Thus, once the property is no longer your principal residence, it will receive a new taxable value as of the lien date following the date you no longer occupy the property as your principal residence. The new taxable value will be the fair market value of the home on the date you inherited it, adjusted each year after for the inflation factor, and enrolled as of the lien date following the date you moved out. (BOE)
Q: Does Proposition 19 apply to a transfer between parents and children of a rental home?
A: No, Proposition 19 limits the parent-child transfer exclusion to a transfer of (1) a family home that is the principal residence of the transferor and becomes the principal residence of the transferee, or (2) a family farm. Thus, the transfer of a rental home between parents and children would not qualify for the exclusion. (BOE)
Q: Under Proposition 19, will I still be eligible for the parent-child exclusion if the value of the family home is greater than $1 million dollars?
A: The value limit under Proposition 19 is the sum of the factored base year value plus $1,022,600. If the market value exceeds this limit, the amount exceeding the value limit will be added to the factored base year value. Thus, as long as all other qualifications have been met, you are still entitled to the exclusion, with an adjusted taxable value to account for the excess over the value limit.
For example, a family home has a
Factored base year value (FBYV) $300,000
Exclusion Amount $1,022,600
Excluded Amount Under Prop 19 $1,322,600
Fair market value of property $1,500,000
Excluded amount Under Prop 19 $1,322,600
The difference of $167,400 is added to the property’s FBYV. Thus, the adjusted base year value is $467,400 (FBYV $300,000 + difference of $167,400). (BOE)
Q: If a parent died prior to the February 16, 2021 operative date and the Assessor does not become aware of the death until a year later and reassesses the property as of the date of death, are the parent-child exclusion provisions applied under Proposition 58 or Proposition 19?
A: The date of death is the date of change in ownership. Thus, the law in effect as of the date of death will apply. Proposition 19 is clear that Proposition 58 applies to dates of death that occur on or before February 15, 2021, and Proposition 19 applies to dates of death that occur on or after February 16, 2021. (BOE)
Q: How is a property held in a trust or estate affected by Proposition 19?
A: The administration of a trust or will is governed by the trust or will instrument itself. The date of death is considered to be the date of change in ownership. Proposition 19 is clear that Proposition 58 applies to transfers that occur on or before February 15, 2021, and Proposition 19 applies to transfers that occur on or after February 16, 2021. (BOE)
Q: Can one child take advantage of the parent-child transfer if the other child beneficiaries do not want to keep the property?
A: If one or more of the child beneficiaries wants to keep the property and gain a full exclusion for reassessment, the main qualification is that the trust or estate be divided equally. The trust or will must not prohibit non-pro rata distributions allowing beneficiaries to receive the same value without receiving the same assets. (AG) (Annotation 625.0235)
Q: How can beneficiaries make an even distribution when the property is the major or only asset in the trust or estate?
A: A trustee or Administrator of a trust or estate may equalize the value of the other beneficiaries’ interests in the trust or estate assets by encumbering the real property with a loan and distributing the loan proceeds to the other beneficiaries. (AG) (Annotation 625.0235.005)
Q: Are there any rules on who can provide this financing?
A: The child(ren) acquiring the property cannot contribute funds, act as the lender, personally guarantee the loan or act as the borrower on the loan. The loan should be made directly to the trust or estate. The only borrower should be the trust or estate. The child(ren) acquiring the property can sign as Administrators or Trustees, but not as individuals. (AG) (BOE Letter 7-19-2019)
View the Section “Trusts and Estates” on this website as a guide.
Always consult with a Trust and Estate attorney or property tax consultant before submitting a Claim for Reassessment Exclusion.
Base Year Value Transfers
Q: I recently sold my home and am currently in escrow to purchase a replacement home. How do I transfer the base year value to my new home? Can this be done via escrow?
A: In order to receive the Proposition 19 base year value transfer, a claim form must be filed after both transactions have been completed and you are living in the replacement home. This is not done through escrow. (BOE) – Go to “Filing a Claim” on this website for instructions.
Q: Where do I get a claim form to transfer my base year value?
A: Proposition 19 base year value transfer claim forms are available from and filed with the Assessor of the county where the replacement home is located. The contact information for all 58 County Assessors, is available on this website.
Q: Under Proposition 19, will I qualify for the base year value transfer if I purchase my replacement home first before selling my original home?
A: As long as one transaction occurs on or after April 1, 2021, and the original home is sold within two years of the purchase of the replacement home, the base year value of the original home can be transferred to the replacement home under Proposition 19. A base year value transfer occurs as of the later of either (1) the date of sale of the original home, or (2) the purchase or completion of new construction of the replacement home. If you purchase the replacement home prior to selling your original home, you will be responsible for property taxes based on the full fair market value of the replacement home for the period between the date of purchase and date of sale. There will be no refund for this period. (BOE)
Q: If I have already used my one-time base year value transfer under the provisions of Proposition 60/90, can I still transfer that base year value three more times under Proposition 19?
A: Under Proposition 19, three transfers will be allowed for homeowners who are over age 55 or physically and permanently disabled, regardless of whether a property owner previously transferred a base year value under Propositions 60/90 and Proposition 110. (BOE)
Q: Under Proposition 19, can I transfer my base year value to a home of any value?
A: If the replacement home is of equal or lesser value than the original home, then the original home’s factored base year value may be transferred to the replacement home without any value adjustment. In general, “equal or lesser value” means:
- 100% or less of the full cash value of the original home if a replacement home is purchased or newly constructed before the sale of the original home, or
- 105% or less of the full cash value of the original home if a replacement home is purchased or newly constructed within the first year after the sale of the original home, or
- 110% or less of the full cash value of the original home if a replacement home is purchased or newly constructed within the second year after the sale of the original home.
However, if the full cash value of the replacement home is greater than the adjusted full cash value of the original home, the base year value of the original home may still be transferred to the replacement home, but with any excess value above the adjusted full cash value of the original home added on. Thus, the new taxable value of the replacement home would be the sum of the adjusted base year value of the original home plus the difference between the full cash values of the original home, as described above, and the replacement home.
For example, an original home was sold and had a full cash value of $400,000 and a factored base year value of $100,000 at the time of sale. If a replacement home is purchased in the first year after the sale for a full cash value of $600,000, then 105 percent of the full cash value of the original home is compared to the full cash value of the replacement home. The original home’s adjusted full cash value equals $400,000 X 105% = $420,000. The difference between the full cash value of the replacement dwelling ($600,000) and the adjusted full cash value of the original property ($420,000) is added to the factored base year value ($600,000 – $420,000 = $180,000 + $100,000 = $280,000). Thus, the replacement home will have a taxable value of $280,000. (BOE)
Q: Is there a minimum time period for living in the original home in order to take advantage of the Proposition 19 base year value transfer?
A: One of the requirements of the Proposition 19 base year value transfer is that the original home must be eligible for the homeowners’ or disabled veterans’ exemption either at the time of sale or within two years of the purchase of the replacement home. “Eligible for” means that the homeowner must own and occupy the home as a principal residence. Thus, there is no set time period for which the homeowner must occupy the original home prior to its sale; all that is required is that the original home be the primary residence at the time of sale and, thus, eligible for either the homeowners’ or disabled veterans’ exemption. (BOE)
Q: I am over age 55 and selling my home. However, in order to afford another home, my child must be on title to the replacement home with me. Will I still be able to transfer my base year value if I am not the sole owner of the replacement home?
A: As long as you were the owner of the original home and it was your principal residence either at the time of sale or within two years of the purchase of the replacement home, you will be the person eligible (the claimant) to transfer its base year value. The law does not require the claimant to be the sole owner of the replacement dwelling. Thus, as long as all co-owners of the replacement dwelling purchase the property together and you are one of the purchasers, the fact that your child is also on title to the replacement home would not affect your eligibility for the Proposition 19 base year value transfer. Even though you may own only a partial interest in the replacement home, you will be able to transfer your base year value to the entire replacement home. (BOE)
Q: I moved into my father’s home to help with his care. Upon his death on June 15, 2021, I inherited the home and qualified for the intergenerational transfer as a family home. The home is my primary residence. I am over age 55. Will I be able to sell this inherited home, buy another home, and transfer the tax base?
A: An inherited property may be considered an original home for purposes of the Proposition 19 base year value transfer, as long as you own and occupy the home as a principal residence either at the time of sale or within two years of the purchase or new construction of your replacement home. As long as all other requirements are met, you should be able to transfer the base year value of your inherited family home to a replacement home. (BOE)
Homeowners’ Exemption / Disabled Veterans’ Exemption
Q: How do I apply for the homeowners’ exemption or disabled veterans’ exemption within one year of the transfer to qualify for the parent-child or grandparent-grandchild exclusion, as required by Proposition 19?
A: To apply for the homeowners’ exemption or disabled veterans’ exemption, a claim must be filed with the County Assessor. Form BOE-266, Claim for Homeowners’ Property Tax Exemption, is the claim form to apply for the homeowners’ exemption, and form BOE‑261-G, Claim for Disabled Veterans’ Property Tax Exemption, is the claim form for the disabled veterans’ exemption. Both forms can be obtained from and submitted to the local County Assessor’s office where the property is located.
It is highly encouraged that you consult an attorney for advice specific to your situation.